The History Of New York


Originally in the history of New York, the island of Manhattan was inhabited by Indians. In 1524 they encountered the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first European who explored the port of New York. But it was the Englishman Hudson who would map the area in the early 17th century. He also borrowed his name on the river that flows into New York.

In 1621 the first Dutch fur traders arrived on the island of Manhattan. The Dutch called the place New-Amsterdam. The area in which they worked was called New Netherlands. Peter Minuit, governor of New Netherlands bought Manhattan in 1626 for some fake pearls of the Indians.

In 1664 the English conquered the area. After a short period of time in Dutch owned by governor Peter Stuyvesant, the city was transferred to the English language ten years later for the last time. New Amsterdam was now called the Province of New York, as a tribute to the Duke of York, who had the power.

Image courtesy of: U.S. Embassy The Hague

Around 1776, the present city of New York formed the scene of the New York Campaign, a series of battlefields in the American War of Independence, with the English taking a shot against an American army led by George Washington. There were a lot of deaths, especially among American prisoners of war. In 1783, the British troops eventually left the city.

Image courtesy of: refusetocooperate

The United States became independent, with New York as the first capital. In 1787 George Washington was inaugurated as the first president in the city. New York became an important economic center, thanks to the opening of the Erie Canal. So the population grew explosive. From 1840 New York was flooded by poor Irish immigrants who were in flight for the crisis in their homeland.

After The Civil War

After the American Civil War, a bloody war between the northern and southern states, there were, even more, immigrants from Europe and also from Asia. New York became the first stop for thousands who sought a better life in America. The immigrants, who lived in barren circumstances, made crime and gang formation common. It was a period that was characterized by revolutions and the formation of unions.

In 1898, the modern city of New York was eventually formed. The city now consisted of five districts, including Brooklyn, which until then was an independent city. From the 1920s, many African Americans from the southern states experienced their happiness in New York. In 1925, New York became the city with most inhabitants in the world. From the 1930s, the great skyscrapers, which New York so typed, resurrected from the ground. The city experienced a great growth in the 20th century.

On September 11, 2001, New York was hit by a terrorist attack, with two aircraft breaking in the World Trade Center. Because of the collapse of the two towers, more than 3,000 people came to life. More than a decade later, the new tower One World Trade Center is at Ground Zero.

You might also like: The American Museum of Natural History in New York

More about the history here: New York Historical Society

The Big Apple: A Short History of New York City

This is a fast-paced 23-minute documentary history of New York City, narrated at rapid speed by renowned New York newscaster Bill Beutel and produced by the Museum of the City of New York. It uses archival illustrations and paintings to cover the first two centuries, photographs to cover the second half of the 19th century and film footage for the 20th century. It starts out with Henry Hudson’s landing in 1609 and concludes with the construction of Lincoln Center and the World Trade Center in the 1960s and 1970s and ethnic street festivals in the 1990s. It’s got a remarkable array of imagery. Produced in 1992.


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